The Scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference (1881-1914)

Being an educator and off work for the summer I have the opportunity to really have an in-depth analysis of historical “truths” I have been taught in this American educational system. One thing that is always true is that the “Victor” is the one who writes the history. As most people would agree the history of America post the election of 2003 now has two very divergent stories; but that is always the case. The inhumanities and atrocities of the conflicts can only be viewed through the lens, empathy and understanding of a new generation (time).

The Scramble for Africa #WhitePrivilege #AfricanOppression #NoAppology #NoReparations #RepresentationMatters 

The “Scramble for Africa” was the occupation, division, and colonisation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and by some, the Conquest of Africa.

The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference or West Africa Conference regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany’s sudden emergence as an imperial power. 

Called for by Portugal and organized by Otto von Bismarck, first Chancellor of Germany, its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, can be seen as the formalization of the Scramble for Africa. The conference ushered in a period of heightened colonial activity by European powers, which eliminated or overrode most existing forms of African autonomy and self-governance.

No African countries were present when 14 European countries plus the United States sent representatives to attend the Berlin Conference and sign the subsequent Berlin Act: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, German Empire, Italy, Netherlands,  Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Russian Empire, Spain, Sweden-Norway, United Kingdom, United States -though the United States reserved the right to decline or to accept the conclusions of the Conference. 

History doesn’t lie, it only tells part of the truth.

Additional pictures are available for viewing on my Instagram  psge.


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